Recently, many large manufacturing and raw material provinces have put forward power restriction policies in the name of carbon control, requiring the factory capacity to be reduced by 20%.
Since the state put forward the policy of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, reducing the use of fossil energy and replacing the cleanest and most efficient energy such as coal, natural gas and oil has become the future development trend.
Therefore, coal to electricity and gas to electricity will be carried out in many traditional industries, resulting in a sharp amplification of power consumption.
Influenced by COVID-19, the productivity of overseas manufacturing industry has declined, and our country has been in excellent control of the epidemic situation. The manufacturing industry has recovered rapidly, so orders have surged and brought higher output. This also needs higher power support.
According to the targets set in this year's government work report, during the 14th Five Year Plan period, energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by 13.5% and carbon dioxide emissions by 18%. In the main expected development goal of 2021, it is also clearly proposed that "the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by about 3%.
However, according to the news released by the national development and Reform Commission, in the first half of this year, the energy consumption intensity of nine provinces and regions not only did not decrease year-on-year, but also increased. The energy-saving situation is still very serious.
In response to this situation, the national development and Reform Commission urged the nine provinces and regions to take effective measures to ensure the completion of the goal of reducing energy consumption intensity.
Production and power restriction is one of the most effective control means, and all localities have issued policies to deal with it.
Jiangsu, Qinghai, Guangxi and other places have issued the most stringent power restriction orders, which has impacted the production capacity of iron and steel, cement and other enterprises.
Yunnan Province proposed that the average monthly output of industrial silicon enterprises in September should not exceed 10% of the output of the previous month, and the average monthly output of yellow phosphorus production line from September to December should not exceed 10% of that in August.
Jiangsu Province is a big province of chemical industry, and issued the energy-saving supervision on strengthening enterprises with "high production capacity and high power consumption". The governments of some regions in Jiangsu Province announced that since September 15, 10 billion kwh of electricity will be reduced every month in all parts of the province, and the enterprises in Danan area will be cut off from September 16 to October 18.
Zhejiang Province urgently ordered a number of high energy consuming industries to stop production. Including printing and dyeing plants, sewage treatment plants and chemical plants.
The boss of a printing and dyeing factory in Shaoxing said, "we still had cloth dyeing in the dyeing factory the afternoon before. We had to stop production at night according to the temporary request. In the past, the production limit would be notified in advance, and we also had time to prepare, but this time it was too sudden to prevent."
Another printing and dyeing factory owner said that the knitted fabrics produced at this time are used for autumn clothes. Especially in the second half of September, when there are relatively many orders, customers will purchase a large number of goods, and suddenly stop production until the end of the month, which will lose millions of orders.
Some experts pointed out that the "one size fits all" shutdown and production restriction instructions in some areas are too rough. The dual control of energy consumption should arrange the rhythm, avoid "swarm", and encourage enterprises to reduce energy consumption through reasonable mechanisms.